GCC Laws
Definitions and General Provisions

Definitions and General Provisions

Article 1: Employer, Worker, Firm, and More

Q. What is Article 1 of the GCC Labor Law UAE?

Article 1 defines essential terms used in the law, clarifying meanings such as "Employer," "Worker," "Firm," and others

Q. When does this article apply?

Article 1 is relevant whenever these terms are used within the labor law, ensuring consistent interpretation.

Article 2: Language of Records and Communications

Q. What does Article 2 of the GCC Labor Law UAE involve?

Article 2 mandates that Arabic must be used in all law-related records, contracts, and communications. The Arabic version prevails when a foreign language is also used.

Q. How does Article 2 impact the use of languages in labor law matters?

Article 2 ensures the primacy of the Arabic language, promoting clarity and consistency in legal documents and instructions.

Q. When is Article 2 of the GCC Labor Law UAE applicable?

Article 2 applies to any written materials related to the law or its implementation.

Article 3: Exemptions from the Law

Q. What categories are exempted from the provisions of Article 3 in the GCC Labor Law UAE?

Article 3 outlines specific categories not covered by the labor law, including federal government employees, armed forces, and others.

Q. How does Article 3 impact these exempted categories?

Article 3 clarifies that certain groups, such as federal government employees and domestic servants, are not governed by the labor law's provisions.

Q. When does Article 3 come into play?

Article 3 is relevant whenever determining the scope of the GCC Labor Law UAE's coverage.

Article 4: Priority of Employee Payments

Q. What is the focus of Article 4 of the GCC Labor Law UAE?

Article 4 establishes that employee payments take priority in cases of legal expenses, public treasury dues, and alimony.

Q. How does Article 4 impact the settlement of employee payments?

Article 4 ensures that employee payments are given precedence over other financial obligations.

Q. When does Article 4 apply?

Article 4 becomes significant when addressing employee payments and financial obligations.

Article 5: Exemption from Court Fees

Q. What does Article 5 of the GCC Labor Law UAE entail?

Article 5 exempts employees or their beneficiaries from court fees during litigation and execution stages.

Q. How does Article 5 impact the legal process for employees?

Article 5 streamlines the legal process for employees, removing the burden of court fees during labor-related disputes.

Q. When is Article 5 relevant?

Article 5 applies whenever employees or their beneficiaries initiate legal actions under the labor law.

Article 6: Dispute Resolution Process

Q. What is the purpose of Article 6 of the GCC Labor Law UAE?

Article 6 outlines the dispute resolution process, allowing parties to settle disputes amicably through the competent Labor Department.

Q. How does Article 6 impact the resolution of labor disputes?

Article 6 provides a structured process for resolving disputes between employers, workers, and beneficiaries through mediation by the Labor Department.

Q. When does Article 6 come into effect?

Article 6 applies whenever disputes arise, aiming to achieve an amicable settlement before resorting to court proceedings.

Article 7: Nullification of Conditions Contrary to this Law

Q. What Happens to Conditions Contrary to this Law?

Any conditions in employment contracts that contradict the provisions of this Law, even if established before this Law came into effect, are considered null and void unless they are more favorable to the worker.

Q. Why Are Such Conditions Null and Void?

This provision ensures that the rights and protections outlined in this Law take precedence over any contradictory terms in employment contracts. It safeguards the interests and rights of workers.

Article 8: Calculation of Time Periods

Q. What Calendar System is Used for Calculations in This Law?

The periods and dates mentioned in this Law are calculated using the Gregorian calendar. A calendar year is considered as 365 days, and a calendar month as 30 days, unless stated differently in the employment contract.

Q. Why Use the Gregorian Calendar and Define Calendar Year and Month in This Way?

This standardization of the calendar system ensures consistency and clarity in calculating time periods under this Law. It provides a common framework for measuring time-related aspects of employment contracts, simplifying legal processes and preventing confusion.

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