GCC Laws
Workers’ Safety, Protection, Health And Social Care

Workers’ Safety, Protection, Health And Social Care

Article 91 - Employer's Responsibilities for Worker Safety

Q. What are the employer's responsibilities for worker safety?

Employers must implement appropriate safety measures to safeguard workers from occupational injuries, diseases, fire, and other hazards associated with work. This includes complying with safety regulations prescribed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Workers are required to use provided protective gear, follow employer instructions for hazard protection, and avoid actions that hinder such protection.

Article 92 - Fire and Hazard Prevention Instructions

Q. What's required for fire and hazard prevention instructions?

Employers must display detailed instructions in a visible location at workplaces, outlining measures to prevent fire and protect workers from hazards they might encounter while working. These instructions should be available in both Arabic and a language understood by workers.

Article 93 - First-Aid Provisions

Q. What about first-aid provisions?

Employers must provide one or more first-aid boxes containing medicines. The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs may specify additional first-aid materials. For every 100 workers, there must be one first-aid box conveniently located and easily accessible. A specialized person should be assigned to manage these boxes.

Article 94 - Workplace Cleanliness and Facilities

Q. What are the workplace cleanliness and facilities requirements?

Employers must ensure workplaces are clean, well-ventilated, properly lit, and equipped with adequate drinking water, toilets, and sanitation facilities. This complies with regulations set by relevant government authorities.

Article 95 - Medical Examinations for Workers Exposed to Occupational Diseases

Q. What medical examinations are required for workers exposed to occupational diseases?

Employers must arrange for regular general medical examinations, conducted by medical practitioners, at intervals not exceeding six months for workers exposed to specified occupational diseases. The findings should be recorded in both records and personal files of workers. The medical practitioner must inform the employer and the labor department of any occupational diseases or related deaths.

Article 96 - Medical Care Facilities

Q. What medical care facilities should employers provide?

Employers are required to provide medical care facilities that meet standards defined by the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in coordination with the Minister of Health.

Article 97 - General Health and Safety Measures for All Firms

Q. Are there general health and safety measures for all firms?

The Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, in consultation with the Ministry of Health, can issue resolutions outlining general precautions and health-related safety measures for all firms employing workers. These measures encompass safety, lighting, ventilation, dining facilities, water supply for drinking and washing, dust and smoke elimination, and precautions against fire and electricity hazards.

Article 98 - Informing Workers About Hazards

Q. What are the obligations regarding informing workers about hazards?

Upon recruitment, employers or their representatives must inform workers about occupational hazards and protective measures they should adhere to. Detailed written instructions about these matters should be posted at workplaces.

Article 99 - Alcoholic Beverages at the Workplace

Q. Are alcoholic beverages allowed at the workplace?

It's prohibited for employers, representatives, or individuals with authority over workers to introduce or permit the introduction of alcoholic beverages to the workplace or allow intoxicated individuals to enter or stay on the premises.

Article 100 - Worker Responsibilities for Industrial Safety

Q. What responsibilities do workers have for industrial safety?

Workers must follow orders and instructions concerning industrial security and safety measures. They must use provided protective devices appropriately and take care of them. Workers must avoid actions that lead to non-compliance with safety instructions or misuse, damage, or destruction of equipment designed to protect their health and safety.

Article 101 - Services for Workers in Remote Areas

Q. What services should employers provide for workers in remote areas?

Employers in areas without regular transportation must provide suitable transport, living accommodation, drinking water, adequate food, first-aid facilities, and recreation facilities for their workers. The Minister of Labour and Social Affairs will specify the application of this provision in a resolution.

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