GCC Laws
UAE
Compensation For Occupational Injuries

Compensation For Occupational Injuries

Q. What injuries and diseases are covered by Schedules 1 and 2, as mentioned in Article 142 and why is the reporting and investigation process important?

Where a worker sustains any work-related injuries and occupational diseases listed in Schedules 1 and 2 attached to this Law, the employer or his representative shall report the matter immediately to the police and to the labor department or its local office within whose jurisdiction the place of business is located.

On completion of the investigation, the police shall send one copy of the report to the labor department and one to the employer. The labor department may request a supplementary inquiry or conduct one if it finds it necessary.

Q. Why is it important for the employer to pay for the cost of treatment, as described in Article 144?

Where a worker sustains a work-related injury or contracts an occupational disease, the employer shall pay for the cost of his treatment in a government or private local medical centre until he recovers or is proven disabled.

Q. Why is the cash allowance provided, and how is it calculated, according to Articles 145 and 146?

Where an injury prevents a worker from carrying out his work, the employer shall pay him a cash allowance equal to his full pay throughout treatment or for a period of six months, whichever is shorter.

Q. How is the cash allowance calculated, and what are its criteria?

The cash allowance referred to in the preceding Article shall be calculated based on the last wage received (for monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly paid workers), and based on the average daily wage referred to in Article 57 (for those paid on a piecemeal basis).

Q. What information is included in the attending physician's report, as mentioned in Article 147?

On finalization of treatment, the attending physician shall compile a report specifying the nature and cause of the injury, the date of its occurrence, the extent to which it is work-related, the period of treatment, whether it resulted in permanent or other disability, the degree of disability (if any), and more.

Q. Why would the matter be referred to the Ministry of Health, as stated in Article 148?

Where a dispute arises as to the extent of a worker's physical fitness for work, degree of disability, or any other matter related to his injury or treatment, the matter shall be referred to the Ministry of Health.

Q. What factors determine compensation for the worker's death, as outlined in Article 149?

Where a worker dies due to a work-related injury or an occupational disease, his family members shall be entitled to compensation equal to his basic wage for twenty-four months.

Q. How is compensation calculated for permanent partial disability, as mentioned in Article 150?

Where a work-related injury or an occupational disease permanently renders a worker partially disabled, he shall be entitled to compensation at the applicable rate specified in the two schedules attached to this Law, multiplied by the applicable death compensation amount provided for in the first paragraph of the preceding Article.

Q. Why is the compensation the same for permanent total disability and death, according to Article 151?

The amount of compensation payable to a worker in the event of his permanent total disability shall be the same amount as that payable in the event of his death.

Q. What is the significance of amending these schedules, as stated in Article 152?

The Minister of Labor, when necessary, and with the consent of the Minister of Health, may amend schedules 1 and 2 attached hereto concerning occupational diseases and disability compensation assessment.

Q. What circumstances limit compensation for injuries or disabilities, as detailed in Article 153?

An injured worker shall not be entitled to any compensation for an injury or disability that did not result in his death under certain circumstances, including if he willfully brought about his own injury with the intention of committing suicide or obtaining compensation or if he was under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or if he intentionally violated safety instructions or if his injury resulted from gross misconduct.

Q. What are the main responsibilities of employers for worker health and safety?

According to Clause 13 of Article 13 and Article 36, employers are responsible for providing a safe work environment, necessary protective equipment, safety training programs, instructional signs, and periodic evaluations to ensure health and safety compliance. Employers must also report injuries/illnesses, investigate incidents, and refrain from violating safety guidelines.

Q. What safety equipment and training must be provided to workers?

The law states employers must provide workers with protective gear, clothing, and training to avoid occupational hazards and injuries. Workers must use protective equipment as instructed and follow all health and safety guidelines.

Q. What are the details regarding the midday summer break rule for outdoor workers?

As per Ministerial Resolution No. 44 of 2022, outdoor work directly under the sun is prohibited daily between 12:30 PM and 3 PM from June 15th to September 15th. Employers must provide shaded rest areas during breaks. This applies to construction and industrial workers.

Q. What are the requirements for appointing an occupational health and safety officer?

According to Article 2 of Ministerial Resolution No. 44 of 2022 and Administrative Decision No. 19 of 2023, establishments with 100+ workers in industrial/construction sectors must appoint a technically qualified Health and Safety Officer to prevent hazards, supervise safety provisions, and carry out related tasks.

Q. What medical insurance and checkups are mandatory for workers?

UAE law mandates health insurance for all private sector employees. Employers must assign a physician every six months to examine workers exposed to occupational illnesses thoroughly.

Q. What are the rules regarding alcohol and drugs in the workplace?

Non-prescription drugs are illegal under the UAE labor law. Plus, it is also possible that some drugs that are prescribed in other countries are banned here before working hours begin. 

All employees are prohibited from consuming alcohol or non-prescriptive drugs at work premises. Violations can result in penalties for both workers and employers.

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